According to the researchers’ calculations, it is likely that Neanderthals were able to hear the voiceless consonants that are produced without the vocal cords. These included voiceless pauses, such as “t” and “k,” and fricatives that have no sound including “f,” “s,” and “th.” Vocalized consonants could not be broadcast loudly throughout the landscape – try shouting “ththth” or “sssss” – which might indicate that these consonants were used for close communication between individuals of the same kind.
Although Neanderthals possess all the correct anatomy to support human speech, the authors acknowledge that the physical ability of a Neanderthal does not imply the mental capacity, or cognition required of human language.
“Speech is not necessary for language,” said Robert Berwick, a computational linguist at MIT, who was not involved in the study. Dr Berwick was not convinced by the authors’ interpretation of what the reconstructed ear suggested about Neanderthal communication. In his view, the Neanderthals’ consonant-friendly beautiful spot does not imply the ability to acquire a human language. “If we evolved with differently shaped ears, we would simply use the contrasts that we would still be able to perceive differently,” he said.
Even as the evidence continues to accumulate, the issue of Neanderthal speech may never be fully resolved. “No Neanderthals speak anymore,” said Dr. Goldfield.
The numerous recent discoveries about the nature of Neanderthal life provide a compelling case that they behaved symbolically, while dressed Jewelery, Making Cave art And burial Their dead. These discoveries helped free Neanderthals from the long-standing perception that early humans were primitive savages, a myth rooted in part in Racist ideology.
For a long time, scientists have tended to believe that there was a “leap” that separated modern humans from the rest of the biological world, such as perception and language, according to Dr. Dedio. “But maybe Neanderthals were humans like us, in a different way,” he said.
The most striking evidence of Neanderthal interior design lies at the back of the Brunnickel Cave in France, where Archaeologists found Two concentric rings of broken stalagmites and traces of fire and burning bones. Stalagmites were cut down 176,500 years ago – at a time when Neanderthals were the only humans in the area.