Nearly 300 grams (10.6 ounces) of the meteorite were collected from the small town of Wincombe in Gloucestershire by scientists, who said the rock formed from carbonic chondrite. The substance is some of the most primitive and pure substances in the solar system, and it is known to contain organic matter and amino acids – components of life.
The Natural History Museum in London said that the pieces were recovered in good condition and very quickly after the meteorite fell, so that they can be compared with samples of rocks that were returned from space missions, in terms of quality and quantity.
“I was shocked when I saw it and knew immediately that it was a rare meteorite and a totally unique event. It’s emotional to be the first to assure people standing in front of you that the noise they heard in their corridor overnight said Richard Greenwood, a planetary science researcher at The Open University, in Statement from the museum: “The truth is the truth.” He was the first scientist to recognize a meteorite.
The museum said there are approximately 65,000 known meteorites on Earth. Only 1206 were seen to fall, and of them only 51 were carbon chondrites.
Thousands of eyewitnesses saw the fireball across the UK and northern Europe and was captured by home surveillance and other cameras as it fell to the ground at 9:54 PM GMT. On February 28th.
The original space rock was traveling at about 14 kilometers per second before it hit Earth’s atmosphere and eventually landed on a trail at Wincombe. Other bits of the meteor were found in the local area.
“Almost all meteors come to us from asteroids, and they are the remaining building blocks of the solar system that can tell us how planets formed like Earth. The opportunity to be one of the first people to see and study a meteorite recovered almost immediately after a fall is a dream come true!” Ashley King said, The UK Research and Innovation Fellow in Future Leaders in the Museum’s Department of Geosciences.
Meteorites are much older than any rock from Earth. The museum said they typically travel thousands of years through space before they are captured – usually by the sun, but sometimes by the Earth. As these cosmic objects travel through the atmosphere, they sometimes produce a bright fireball before landing on Earth, as was the case with this meteorite.
According to the museum, more meteorite fragments – which can be found in the form of black stones, piles of small rocks, or even dust – may be discovered.